Although Bulgaria is not a huge country (at 110,994 square km), it does straddle several climate zones.
Temperatures depend on where you are – the southwest, by the Mediterranean sea, is mildly subtropical. The plains of the country are temperate. The mountainous regions are much colder (great for skiing).
We chose the most popular expat and tourist destinations to focus on below, but do check out weather averages for the particular city you’re interested in. If you’re having trouble finding that information online, email firstname.lastname@example.org and I’ll be happy to point you in the right direction.
Average climate in Bulgaria
Extreme weather and natural disasters in Bulgaria
Flooding in Bulgaria
Bulgaria is prone to flooding. Recently, there were particularly damaging floods in 2005, with 20 people dead over three months and in 2015, when 12 people died in Varna and Dobrich after flash floods.
Bulgaria is restoring flood-plains to reduce risk of flooding from the Danube, as well as working together with Turkey to find risk-decreasing strategies.
Storms in Bulgaria
Storms are a risk to people and property in Bulgaria. Hailstorms with pieces of ice measuring up to 10cm across can cause huge damage in minutes. The storms can also contibute to flooding (see above).
Excitingly, in order to minimise crop damage, parts of the country are protected by hail suppression units, which fire rockets into the storms and decrease the size of hailstones.
Earthquakes in Bulgaria
Bulgaria has seen plenty of earthquake activity, and is likely to see more – scientists have identified seven seismic spots that have the potential to cause earthquakes of 6.5 or above on the Richter scale.
The last earthquake with more than a couple of fatalities was in 1977, when over 100 people died in Svishtov after several apartment blocks collapsed. In 1802, the Vrancea earthquake (epicentre in Romania) almost completely destroying the cities of Ruse, Varna and Vidin.